The first Winter Olympic Games for the Disabled were held in 1976 in Örnsköldsvik, Sweden, following the introduction of the summer Paralympic Games in Rome,1960.
The games evolved from competitions held post WW2 between British convalescent hospitals to help rehabilitate soldiers who had lost limbs in the war. Like the summer games the Paralympics have been held alongside the Winter Olympics every four years since 1992.
Almost 200 athletes from 16 countries competed in the first Paralympic Winter Games, and the newly founded competition introduced classifications for those with impairments other than just the wheelchair category.
Alpine & Nordic skiing have featured in the games since their inception, with Biathlon being introduced in 1988 and Snowboarding in 2014.