For adaptive snowsports, different types of kit is needed. Here is an overview of some of the different types of kit that allow skiers with a disability to ski...

Three-track
Skiers use one ski and two outriggers (outriggers are forearm crutches with ski tips mounted to the base), predominantly used by skiers with one leg. Disabilities using a three-track may include: leg amputees, post-polio, or trauma affecting mostly one leg.

Four–track
Skiers use two skis (often held together with a bungee cord or metal ski bra) and two outriggers or a walker. Disabilities may include cerebral palsy, post polio, spina bifidia, athrogryposis, muscular distrophy, multiple sclerosis, congential defect or traumatic injury.

Monoski
The skier is in a seated position. The monoski is designed for low level paraplegics and people with conditions affecting their legs. The moulded seat is attached to a single ski and requires balance and strength. Designed for people with spinal cord injuries and double amputees. Other disabilities may include spina bifida, multiple sclerosis, muscular distrophy and cerebral palsy.

Bi ski

More stable than the monoski and also for skiers sitting down. Outriggers can be used – these have short skis attached to the bottom to aid with balance. The outriggers can be held if the skier has good arm use, or attached to act like stabilisers on a bicycle. The bi-ski is moved by transferring body weight from side to side and speed is controlled by an instructor holding tethers.Disabilities able to use a bi-ski include cerebral palsy, brain injuries, multiple sclerosis, muscular distrophy, spina bifida, spinal cord injuries, multiple amputations.

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